Sitwundan

   Local militias or territorial armies, numbering about a hundred, established with the encouragement of the government of Prime Minister U Nu in 1948 to counterbalance the Burma Army's dependence on ethnic minorities, especially Karens (Kayins) and Kachins. When the Karen National Union uprising began in January 1949, the sitwundan played a decisive role in defending Rangoon (Yangon) from the rebels and quelling the "multicolored" communist and ethnic nationalist insurgencies. Major General Ne Win, who became head of the armed forces after the resignation of General Smith Dun, commanded the sitwundan.

Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). . 2014.

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